Establishment and characterization of CSCRi006-A: An induced pluripotent stem cell line generated from a patient with Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) carrying ribosomal protein S19 (RPS19) mutation.

Rani S, Thamodaran V, Nandy K, Aboobacker FN, Maddali M, Rajesh P, Vijayanand S, David E, Velayudhan SR.
Preprint from
Research Square
12 May 2023
Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital hypoplastic anemia characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis. DBA is majorly caused by mutations in the ribosomal protein (RP) genes 1 . A suitable disease model that yields a continuous supply of erythroid cells is required to study disease pathogenesis and drug discovery. Towards this, we reprogrammed dermal fibroblasts from a DBA patient with a heterozygous mutation c.22-23delAG in the RPS19 gene identified through exome sequencing. To generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), we induced episomal expression of the reprogramming factors OTC3/4, L-MYC, LIN28, SOX2, and KLF4, and a p53 shRNA 2 . The DBA iPSC line CSCRi006-A generated during this study was extensively characterized for its pluripotency and genome stability. The clone retained normal karyotype and showed high expression levels of pluripotency markers, OCT4, NANOG, SOX2, TRA-I-60, TRA-I-81, and SSEA4. It could differentiate into cells originating from all three germ cell layers, as identified by immunostaining for SOX17 (endoderm), Brachyury (mesoderm), and PAX6 (ectoderm). IPSCs provide a renewable source of cells for in vitro disease modeling. CSCRi006-A, a thoroughly characterized iPSC line carrying heterozygous RPS19 c.22-23delAG mutation, is a valuable cell line for the disease modeling of DBA. This iPSC line can be differentiated into different blood cell types to study the mechanisms of disease development and identify potential treatments.