Accepted articles will be placed online as "pre-press" articles a few weeks after acceptance. This process will occur around the time the authors receive proofs. The pre-press file is the uncorrected proof and will be replaced by the final corrected version of the article at the time of final publication.


The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors.

Note: Any changes to authors or title after acceptance should also be sent to the editorial office ( so the disclosure listing can be updated. After acceptance, any additions or deletions to the list of authors must be approved by the Editor-in-Chief, and all authors on the manuscript must also sign off on the changes. Please contact the Editorial Office ( for more information.


An order form for reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the pdf proof. If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation:

IOS Press
Fax: +31 20 6870039

An author is entitled to 25% discount on IOS Press books. See Author's Discount on all IOS Press book publications (